Which cognitive abilities does it support?
Concentration, fine motor skills, visual perception, dexterity, cognitive abilities, eye-hand coordination, abstract and creative thinking, imagination
Arranging the jigsaw according to predefined patterns stimulates cognitive processes. The exercise can be Planned with varying degrees of difficulty according to the stage of dementia – appropriate е for people в mild to advanced stage.
Who the game is for – The game is suitable for professionals in day care and long-term care, as well as for a family caring for a loved one with dementia. It is suitable for people with mild to moderate dementia.
Materials needed – Pre-made scheme with instructions for arranging the coloured cones, coloured cones, stand with holes. All materials must be placed with an appropriate box.
Preliminary preparation – Each participant should have a separate set to entertain with. Schemes should be tailored to the stage of the disease, from easier for people with advanced dementia, to harder for people with pre-dementia syndrome and early dementia.
Participants – This game is played individually, but can also be played in groups of up to 6 players. The moderator or facilitator only explains the rules and helps when needed. It is very appropriate for families caring for loved ones, but can also be used in long-term care in day and residential services.
Location – Choose a quiet place where the person with dementia and the person being debriefed feel comfortable, e.g. around a dining table or coffee table where materials can be spread. There should be enough light. Make sure the person with dementia has taken their glasses or other aids such as a hearing aid so that communication can take place.
Introductions – explain what you are going to do together in a relaxed and fun way.
- Depending on the stage of dementia, the schemes for the board game “Mosaic Set” can be made with varying degrees of difficulty.
- There may be a scheme in which the colours correspond to a certain number. Look at the chosen diagram and predict which number corresponds to which colour – Explain that the coloured cones should be arranged to correspond to the marked numbers.
- If the person has more advanced dementia a pre-coloured scheme can be followed. Then explain that the aim is to arrange the coloured cones as shown in the diagram.
- Make sure the person with dementia gets the idea.
- Help as needed.
- Finally, congratulate yourself on a job well done. Put the materials in the box and agree to come back to this game in time.
Explanation for the presenter
Dementia affects a person’s cognitive functions, personality, memories and concentration. People with dementia have a memory problem, which leads to difficulties in recall, problems with speech, coordination, abstract thinking, concentration, planning, orientation in terms of place and time, frequent mood changes.
This tyo exercise stimulates:
- The Concentration
- The Planning
- The short-term memory
- The Coordination
What are the benefits of using this model?
Stimulates opportunities for: